Picture by Mayra Pelayo

As stated on my previous post, for my semester project I decided to learn how to crochet. According to, crochet is defined as, needlework consisting of the interlocking of looped stitches formed with a single thread and a hooked needle. I have never done crochet in my life, but I have seen many people working on this beautiful art, and it looks very interesting and fun, while creating  beautiful crafts such as hats, gloves, scarves, etc. For my project I decided to make a crochet hand band. And if I have enough time, I will also work on a hat.

crochet hat

I did some research previous to starting. I watched some videos on Youtube, took a look at a book, How To Crochet: A complete guide for absolute beginners by, Alison McNicol, and will get lessons by my ex-mother-in-law. From the research I have done and what I have learn so far, it looks like it will be an easy project, at least I hope so!

Below is a video from youtube on how to single crochet for beginners.




The book that I have been following as a guide, by McNicol, is aimed for absolute beginners, so it sure will come in handy. Especially, for me, since I have never crochet before. The pictures, illustrations, and steps are very easy to follow. The selection of projects they incorporate in this book are easy enough for beginners to make in a relatively short space of time, and they are supposed to help progress skills as I move on through the book. In this book I am showed how to do different projects from beautiful baby hats, accessories, big granny square blankets, gloves, to scarves, etc.

A great thing about crochet is that practically I only need two tools to get started; a crochet hook and yarn. Oh, and an imagination, of course! Crochet hooks come in various sizes ranging from 2 to 8 MM. In my case I am using a 5.75MM to make it easier on myself since I am a beginner. However, as McNicol states, “The size of the hook, as well as the yarn I use with it, will determine the size of the stitches it produces.”

So far everything is going well. I have been practicing on making chains. Once I have those down, I will move on to the next step.


Exposed by your Body Language…

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The body is a great mystery that scientist  have not fully understood. Today, we will be discussing body language and how it can have us “talking” for days, including in a classroom. As defined by, body language means nonverbal, usually unconscious, communication through the use of postures, gestures, facial expressions, and the like. Body language is used everyday, and sometimes without even thinking about it. When we are happy, assertive, relaxed, anxious, nervous, etc. are many of the ways we use body language.

After going through the list of the many options of “The most popular talks of all time,” by TED Talks, I decided to watch and talk about Amy Cuddy’s presentation: How your body language shapes who you are. Body language can talk in many ways and cause judgements. Great examples are such as; classroom presentations, interviews, and communicating. The way we shape our body, sit, stand, lean, eye contact, fidgeting, facial expression, head and hand motion, movement and use gestures are ways to express body language in different situations; negative or positive. In other words, our body language is talking and it can cause judgement.

Body language is something we will definitely see and experience in our classrooms as future teachers. We have to understand that through nonverbal communication we judge others, and others judge us. In other words, those students who fill more assertive, positive, and atomistic are the “powerful” students than those who have “low self esteem.” The real question here is, just as Amy Cuddy stated in her presentation, “Do our non verbals govern how other people think and feel about us?” Or “Do our non verbals govern how we think and feel about ourselves?” Much of this has to do with gender, and how it can have a big impact on body language, states Cuddy. For example, when it comes to a classroom, students are a big example. When students are asked questions, their body language says a lot. Their sitting positions and body movements show if students feel comfortable answering questions, are enjoying a lecture, are listening, etc. Below, is a video of Amy Cuddy’s presentation on how your body language shapes who you are.


The body can shape the mind—manipulation. This is precisely why it is very important for us to learn how to use language effectively and use body language as a super power.


Independent-Learning Project


Learning to do something new is always exciting. Especially, when you get the choice to choose your own topic. After pondering on what project to work on, I have finally come to a conclusion.


crochet vido


My independent-learning project will be to learn how to crochet. Growing up, I saw many woman crocheting. I have always admired their beautiful art work. But most of all, their dedication, skills, creativity and patience. This project will definitely be a challenge. It will take lots of practice and patience. It is a big difference when you see someone else do it, than when you do it yourself. So I am definitely up for a challenge. However, keeping in mind this is a project I would  love to accomplish, I will give it my best.

As a college student, person, wife and mother, it is very important for me to determine what I want to do. I want to be a positive role model for my son. By learning how to crochet, I can share the knowledge with my son and other people of the beautiful art of crochet.

Creativity is definitely a key point in crocheting. Playing around with patters, techniques, fabrics,colors, shapes, etc. can help with relaxing specially on a stressful day. After all, crochet can help with educational development while having fun. Crochet can also help with stress, relaxation, motivation, help with  focusing, and can even help through mentally tough times in some cases.

Crocheting will become a new hobby which I will enjoy while making beautiful items to keep, wear or give away. It will definitely be a very positive experience in my life. I will feel very productive while learning “through play!”

How to frame learning…

What do you think of when you hear the word “hacker?” The first thing that comes to mind is probably a bad person who is stealing personal information and sharing it with someone else. But what if I said you are wrong? What if I said a hacker is a person using creativity, using skills, experiences, being happy doing things in a different way, etc.

As children growing up, we would always hear grownups asking, what do you want to be when you grow up? Of course, many of our answers would be something like; a teacher, an engineer , an astronaut, a doctor, etc. But did we ever stopped and think, I want to grow up, graduate high school, go to college, finish a career, get a job, get married, and be happy. Yes, be happy! You might be asking yourself, happy how? How about being happy while exploring, playing, using skills, using resources, but still learning. Hands on activities helps students to learn while expanding their knowledge. Education is a practice, the more you practice, the better you become at it, especially, when it is something you enjoy doing.

Being happy also applies to a classroom.Sir Ken said, “creativity is as important as literacy.”  When students are happy learning about something they enjoy, like writing a paper while using creativity, expressing their own ideas, using skills; learning is happening as they make things and their knowledge expands.

As future teachers, we have to remember that students also learn while playing, interacting and being creative. There are not a set of rules that point how students should learn. Every student is unique in their own way, all of us express feelings and ideas in different ways. As we teach, keep in mind what Bud Hunt said, “the one who frames the learning of others is as important as the learner, a student in a classroom .

Picture by 37307-013: Secondary Education Sector Development Program

30216-013: Second Primary Education Development Program in Bangladesh

Digital Literacy

When you hear Digital Literacy what comes to mind? A Smart phone? A Laptop? An iPod? Maybe all kinds of technical devices?According to American Library Association, Digital Literacy is the ability to use information and communication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information, requiring both cognitive and technical skills.

There are many benefits in having digital literacy skills, including challenges. Children now days are born into a society full of technology. As time goes by it will continue increasing and advancing, and so must they. Digital literacy is found everywhere; at schools, jobs, home, social media, etc. Literacy has become a must, in order to succeed in this world and as a requirement to obtain jobs. Nowadays teachers don’t use a chalkboard anymore, but use digital literacy in order to teach. “As future teachers, we must learn how to use digital literacy in the classroom. Without digital literacy one can be lost in the 21st century and the years to come. It is a way to be able to communicate with the world. Literacy has become a must, in order to succeed in the world.”


Aspects of Digital Literacy

When it comes to digital literacy, I picture in my mind a “computer, book,device, etc.” bursting with knowledge. All kinds of resources and material one is able to find with a click. As for me personally, technology has always been a diverse topic. So many things to learn, a wide range of resources, so much information. However, it is incredible how one device can pull all kinds of information. As time goes by, digital literacy will continue expanding, and so must we. We must become effective digital learners and leaders by adapting to the constant changing technology.

Learning along the way

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My family

Learning along the way has been an exciting and a challenging process. I was born in Guadalajara, Jalisco Mexico. When I was 10 years old, my mother announced, “Mayra, in two weeks we are moving to the United States.” I could not believe this words! I, Mayra a simple farm girl was going to the United States to experience a whole new life.


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Back in Mexico

Sixteen years later, I am a college student and have received two Associates degrees in Education. As a small child, I played school with my cousins: of course I was the teacher. Now, I am excited about realizing my long-term goal of becoming an Elementary teacher in the lower grades.

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Graduation from College

Having a college  degree will help me to help others and teach new material to young children. Moving to the United States has been more than an adventure—it has been a trial and satisfying accomplishments. Learning English has taken much effort and determination. Becoming accustomed to the cold winters has not been easy. However, a door to new opportunities has opened. I have found that being bilingual has helped me find a way to help others going through situations similar to mine.

Experiences in life have shaped who I am. In May 2010, I gave birth to my son Lisandro Daniel. When I had him, I was going to college. Studying, working, and raising my son by myself were some of the challenges I had to face. However, I was very fortunate to have my family and instructors who were very supportive and understanding throughout  the  school course.

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In May 2014, my fiancée Rayon and I got married. Getting married has brought many challenges to my life. Now, it is not just me, but us. Any decision I make involves both of us. Our different cultural backgrounds can also be challenging at times, but at the same time it is very exciting getting to learn about another culture.


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I have worked hard in school and have done well, even while holding down three jobs. The struggle and the triumph have made me who I am. After four years of going to college, I decided to take a break and spend more time with my son. Today, I have decided to go back and finish my Bachelors degree in Elementary Education. Once again I have to proof myself and others that I am capable of this doing this and more…









My name is Mayra Pelayo. I’m 26 years old, bilingual, originally from Mexico. My family and I moved to the United States in 1999, since then, I have been living in Sheridan, Wyoming. I have a son who is 5 years and he started kindergarten this year.

I got married in May, 2014. My husband is from Jamaica. Our relationship can be hard sometimes, especially, having different cultural background. But it is also very exciting learning about another culture, and sharing my own culture with him.

There are many goals I have in life such as continuing my education and get a bachelors degree, help my father with his restaurant business and move to Canada in search of a better life.